Cathy J. Reback, Ph.D.

Cathy J. Reback, Ph.D.
Cathy J. Reback, Ph.D.
Senior Research Scientist

Ph.D., Sociology, University of California, Santa Cruz
reback@friendsresearch.org
Phone: 323-463-1601
Fax: 323-463-0126
Brief Biography

Dr. Reback is a Research Sociologist; she joined the staff of Friends Research Institute in 1997. Her research focuses on the intersection of HIV risk behaviors, substance use, sexual identity and gender identity. Dr. Reback was one of the first researchers in the country to link the rise in HIV infection among gay and bisexual men to sexual risk behaviors engaged in while using methamphetamine. Dr. Reback has an extensive background in conducting community-research collaborations, developing mHealth interventions, evaluating behavioral treatment therapies, designing and implementing street-based intervention programs for out-of-treatment substance users, and managing large-scale HIV prevention and intervention programs. Additionally, Dr. Reback collaborates with local community-based organizations to adopt, tailor, and transfer evidenced-based interventions into public health and community settings.

Currently, Dr. Reback is Principal Investigator of a NIDA-funded study to evaluate differential immediate and sustained effects, and cost effectiveness, of transmitting theory-based text messages by peer health educators, versus by automation, compared to an assessment-only control condition among out-of-treatment, methamphetamine-using MSM for reductions of methamphetamine use and HIV sexual risk behaviors; a NIDA-funded study to develop a methamphetamine-abuse treatment intervention cross-platform computerized mobile app for MSM to reduce their methamphetamine use and HIV sexual risk behaviors, and to increase ART medication adherence; a NIDA-funded study to develop an iPad application to assess the social networks, HIV risk and protective behaviors, and technology use of transgender women; a HRSA-funded project to evaluate a multi-tiered model, integrating network (Social Network Recruitment), individual (Peer Health Navigation) and structural (Contingency Management) components to identify, recruit, test, link, treat and retain transwomen of color into HIV care; and, a CDC-funded project to adapt and transfer the Safety Counts evidence-based intervention for use among high-risk transgender women. Additionally, Dr. Reback currently serves as the Director of six County-funded contracts for high-risk MSM substance users and transgender women and three City-funded contracts. Additionally, Dr. Reback is the Executive Director of Friends Community Center (www.friendcommunitycenter.org), the FRI’s Los Angeles community site. Dr. Reback’s solid commitment to community research has led her to become a sought-after collaborator.

Dr. Reback’s community and policy work includes current and past membership on numerous local and national HIV/AIDS and substance abuse task forces and advisory committees. In addition to her work with Friends Research Institute, Dr. Reback is a Research Sociologist with UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs (UCLA ISAP) and a Core Scientist with the UCLA Center for HIV Identification, Prevention and Treatment Services (UCLA CHIPTS).

Selected Publications
Fletcher JB, Swendeman D, Reback CJ (in press). Associations Between Major Depressive Episode, Methamphetamine Use Disorder Severity, and Engagement in Sexual Risk-Taking Among Methamphetamine-Using Men Who Have Sex with Men. AIDS and Behavior. doi: 10.1007/s10461-017-1974-4. PMID: 29164354.
Zhang S, Shoptaw S, Reback CJ, Yadav K and Nyamathi A (in press). Cost-Effective Way to Reduce Stimulant Abuse among Gay/Bisexual Men and Transgender Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial with a Cost Comparison. Public Health.
Anderson-Carpenter KD, Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2017). Associations between Methamphetamine Use, Housing Status, and Incarceration Rates among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Women. Journal of Drug Issues. 47(3):383-395. doi: 10.1177/0022042617696917. Epub 2017 Mar 9. PMID: 28670005.
Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2017). Mental health disorders among homeless, substance-dependent men who have sex with men. Drug and Alcohol Review. 36(4):555-559. doi: 10.1111/dar.12446. Epub 2016 Aug 12. PMID: 27516073.
Kussin-Shoptaw AL, Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2017). Physical and/or Sexual Abuse Is Associated with Increased Psychological and Emotional Distress Among Transgender Women. LGBT Health. 4(4):268-274. doi: 10.1089/lgbt.2016.0186. Epub 2017 May 12. PMID: 28498023.
Reback CJ, Fletcher JB (2017). Outcomes from a Homegrown HIV Prevention Program for Extremely High-risk, Substance-using Men who have Sex with Men with Multiple Health Disparities. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services. DOI: 10.1080/10538720.2017.1296394.
Reback CJ, Rünger D, Fletcher JB (2017). Physical and/or Sexual Abuse Are Associated with Negative Health Outcomes among Transgender Women of Color Living with HIV. Violence and Gender. 4(4): 130-136. DOI: 10.1089/vio.2017.0042.
Rebchook G, Keatley J, Contreras R, Perloff J, Molano LF, Reback CJ, Ducheny K, Nemoto T, Lin R, Birnbaum J, Woods T, Xavier J; SPNS Transgender Women of Color Study Group (2017). The Transgender Women of Color Initiative: Implementing and Evaluating Innovative Interventions to Enhance Engagement and Retention in HIV Care. American Journal of Public Health. 107(2):224-229. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303582. PMID: 28075641.
Rusow JA, Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2017). Sexual Venue Choice and Sexual Risk-Taking Among Substance-Using Men Who have Sex with Men. AIDS and Behavior. 21(4):1149-1162. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1630-4. PMID: 27905014.
Shoptaw S, Landovitz RJ, Reback CJ (2017). Contingent Vs. Non-Contingent Rewards: Time-Based Intervention Response Patterns Among Stimulant-Using Men Who Have Sex With Men. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 72:19-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.09.004. Epub 2016 Sep 13. PMID: 27938777.
Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2016). Mental health disorders among homeless, substance-dependent men who have sex with men. Drug and Alcohol Review. doi: 10.1111/dar.12446.
Glasner-Edwards S, Patrick K, Ybarra ML, Reback CJ, Rawson RA, Garneau HC, Chavez Kand Venegas A (2016). A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Based Text Messaging Intervention Versus Medical Management for HIV-Infected Substance Users. Journal of Medical Internet Research, Research Protocols. 5(2).
Pines HA, Gorbach PM, Weiss RE, Reback CJ, Landovitz RJ, Mutchler MG, Mitsuyasu RT (2016). Individual-Level, Partnership-Level, and Sexual Event-Level Predictors of Condom Use During Receptive Anal Intercourse Among HIV-Negative Men Who Have Sex with Men in Los Angeles. AIDS and Behavior. 20(6), 1315-1326.
Reback CJ, Kaplan RL, Bettcher TM, Larkins S (2016). The role of the illusion in the construction of erotic desire: narratives from heterosexual men who have occasional sex with transgender women. Culture, Health & Sexuality. 18(8), 951-963.
Rusow JA, Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2016). Sexual Venue Choice and Sexual Risk-Taking Among Substance-Using Men Who have Sex with Men. AIDS and Behavior. 1-14.
Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2015). Depression Mediates and Moderates Effects of Methamphetamine Use on Sexual Risk Taking Among Treatment-Seeking Gay and Bisexual Men. Health Psychology. 34(8):865-9. doi: 10.1037/hea0000207. Epub 2015 Jan 12. PMID: 25581704.
Hall TM, Reback CJ, Shoptaw S (2015). Clinical Management of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders among LGBT Individuals. In H.J. Makadon, K.H. Mayer, J. Potter, & H. Goldhammer (Eds. The Fenway Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health. 2nd Edition. Philadelphia: American College of Physicians Books, pp. 227-267.
Landovitz RJ, Fletcher JB, Shoptaw S, Reback CJ (2015). Contingency management facilitates the use of postexposure prophylaxis among stimulant-using men who have sex with men. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 1;2(1):ofu114. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofu114. eCollection 2015 Jan. PMID: 25884003. PMCID: PMC4396429.
Nyamathi A, Reback CJ, Salem BE, Zhang S, Shoptaw S, Branson CM, Leake B (2015). Correlates of self-reported incarceration among homeless gay and bisexual stimulant-using young adults. Western Journal of Nursing Research. 37(6):799-811. doi: 10.1177/0193945914530521. Epub 2014 Apr 14. PMID: 24733231.
Reback CJ, Ferlito D, Kisler KA and Fletcher JB (2015). Recruiting, Linking, and Retaining High-risk Transgender Women into HIV Prevention and Care Services: An Overview of Barriers, Strategies, and Lessons Learned. International Journal of Transgenderism. 16(4): 209-221. DOI: 10.1080/15532739.2015.1081085.
Reback CJ, Fletcher JB, Shoptaw S, Mansergh G (2015). Exposure to Theory-Driven Text Messages is Associated with HIV Risk Reduction Among Methamphetamine-Using Men Who have Sex with Men. AIDS and Behavior. 19 Suppl 2:130-41. doi: 10.1007/s10461-014-0985-7. PMID: 25563501.
Reback CJ, Kaplan RL, Larkins S (2015). Disclosure of Male Sexual Partnering and HIV Serostatus Among a Sample of Heterosexually Identified Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women. AIDS Education and Prevention. 27(3):227-39. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2015.27.3.227. PMID: 26010314.
Salem B, Nyamathi A, Reback CJ (2015). Unmet Physical and Mental Healthcare Needs among Stimulant-using Gay and Bisexual Homeless Men. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 36: 685-692. DOI: 10.3109/01612840.2015.1021938.
Fletcher JB, Dierst-Davies R, Reback CJ (2014). Contingency management voucher redemption as an indicator of delayed gratification. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 47(1):73-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2014.03.003. Epub 2014 Mar 12.PMID:24674235.
Fletcher JB, Kisler KA, Reback CJ (2014). Housing Status and HIV Risk Behaviors among Transgender Women in Los Angeles. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 43: 1651-1661. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-014-0368-1.
Fletcher JB, Shoptaw S, Peck JA, Reback CJ (2014). Contingency Management Reduces Symptoms of Psychological and Emotional Distress among Homeless, Substance-dependent Men Who Have Sex with Men. Mental Health and Substance Use. 7(4):420-430.PMID:25364379.
Reback CJ, Fletcher JB (2014). HIV prevalence, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors among transgender women recruited through outreach. AIDS and Behavior. 18(7):1359-67. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0657-z.PMID:24287786.
Reback CJ, Fletcher JB (2014). Reductions in HIV prevalence rates among substance-using men who have sex with men in Los Angeles County, 2008-2011. AIDS Education and Prevention. 26(5):459-70.doi: 10.1521/aeap.2014.26.5.459.PMID:25299809.
Reback CJ, Shoptaw S (2014). Development of an evidence-based, gay-specific cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for methamphetamine-abusing gay and bisexual men. Addictive Behaviors. 39(8):1286-91. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.11.029. Epub 2011 Nov 26PMID:22169619.
Reback CJ, Veniegas R, Shoptaw S (2014). Getting Off: development of a model program for gay and bisexual male methamphetamine users. Journal of Homosexuality. 61(4):540-53. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2014.865459.PMID:24245506.
Rusow JA, Fletcher JB, Le H, Reback CJ (2014). Sexual Abuse is Associated with Negative Health Consequences among High-risk Men who have Sex with Men. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services. 26(2):244-257.PMID:25505831.
Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2013). Antisocial personality disorder predicts methamphetamine treatment outcomes in homeless, substance-dependent men who have sex with men. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 45(3):266-72.
Fletcher JB, Rusow JA, Le H, Landovitz RJ, Reback CJ (2013). High-risk sexual behavior is associated with postexposure prophylaxis nonadherence among men who have sex with men enrolled in a combination prevention intervention. Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 210403. doi:10.1155/2013/210403.
Landovitz RJ, Tseng CH, Weissman M, Haymer M, Mendenhall B, Rogers K, Veniegas R, Gorbach PM, Reback CJ, Shoptaw S (2013). Epidemiology, sexual risk behavior, and HIV prevention practices of men who have sex with men using GRINDR in Los Angeles, California. Journal of Urban Health. 90(4):729-39.
Ling Murtaugh K, Krishnamurti T, Davis AL, Reback CJ, Shoptaw S (2013). Spend today, clean tomorrow: predicting methamphetamine abstinence in a randomized controlled trial. Health Psychology.  32(9):958-66.
Reback CJ, Fletcher JB, Shoptaw S, Grella CE (2013). Methamphetamine and other substance use trends among street-recruited men who have sex with men, from 2008 to 2011. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 133 (1), 262-265.
Reback CJ, Larkins S (2013). HIV risk behaviors among a sample of heterosexually identified men who occasionally have sex with another male and/or a transwoman. Journal of Sex Research. 50. (2), 151-163.
Bowers JR, Branson CM, Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2012). Predictors of HIV sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men, men who have sex with men and women, and transgender women. International Journal of Sexual Health. 24 (4), 290-302.
Landovitz RJ, Fletcher JB, Inzhakova G, Lake JE, Shoptaw S, Reback CJ (2012). A novel combination HIV prevention strategy: Post-exposure prophylaxis with contingency management for substance abuse treatment among methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 26 (6), 320-328.
Reback CJ, Grant DL, Fletcher JB, Branson CM, Shoptaw S, Bowers JR, Charania M, Mansergh G (2012). Text messaging reduces HIV risk behaviors among methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men. AIDS and Behavior. 16 (7), 1993-2002.
Reback CJ, Peck JA, Fletcher JB, Nuno M, Dierst-Davies R (2012). Lifetime substance use and HIV sexual risk behaviors predict treatment response to contingency management among homeless, substance-dependent MSM. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 44 (2), 166-172.
Reback CJ, Shoptaw S, Downing MJ (2012). Prevention case management improves socioeconomic standing and reduces symptoms of psychological and emotional distress among transgender women. AIDS Care. 24 (9), 1136-1144.
Bowers JR, Branson CM, Fletcher JB, Reback CJ (2011). Differences in substance use and sexual partnering between men who have sex with men, men who have sex with men and women and transgender women. Culture, Health, and Sexuality. 13 (6), 629-642.
Dierst-Davies R, Reback CJ, Peck JA, Nuno M, Kamien JB, Amass L (2011). Delay discounting among homeless, out-of-treatment, substance-dependent men who have sex with men. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 37 (2), 93-97.
Reback CJ, Shoptaw S (2011). Development of an evidence-based, gay-specific cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for methamphetamine-abusing gay and bisexual men. Addictive Behaviors. [Epub ahead of print].
Reback CJ, Larkins S (2010). Maintaining a heterosexual identity: Sexual meanings among a sample of heterosexually identified men who have sex with men. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 39 (3), 766-773.
Reback CJ, Ling D, Shoptaw S, Rohde J (2010). Developing a Text Messaging Risk Reduction Intervention for Methamphetamine-Using MSM: Research Note. The Open AIDS Journal. 4 116-122.
Reback CJ, Peck JA, Dierst-Davies R, Nuno M, Kamien JB, Amass A (2010). Contingency management among homeless, out-of-treatment men who have sex with men. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 39 (3), 255-263.
Reback CJ, Shoptaw S, Grella CE (2008). Methamphetamine use trends among street-recruited Gay and Bisexual males, from 1999 to 2007. Journal of Urban Health. 85(6): 874-879.
Shoptaw S, Reback C, Larkins S, Wang J, Rotheram-Fuller E, Dang J, Yang X (2008). Outcomes using two tailored behavioral treatments for substance abuse in urban Gay and Bisexual Men. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 35(3): 285-293.
Shoptaw S, Rotheram-Fuller E, Landovitz R, Wang J, Moe A, Reback CJ, Kanouse D (2008). Non-occupational post exposure prophylaxis as a biobehavioral HIV prevention intervention. AIDS Care. 20(3): 376-381.
Reback CJ, Kamien JB, Amass L (2007). Characteristics and HIV risk behaviors of homeless, substance-using men who have sex with men. Addictive Behaviors. 32(3), 647-654.
Shoptaw S, Reback CJ (2007). Methamphetamine Use and Infections Disease-related Behaviors in Men who have Sex with Men: Implication for Interventions. Addiction. 102(Suppl. 1), 130-135.
Reback CJLarkins S (2006). Once in a Blue Moon: Toward a Better Understanding of Heterosexually Identified Men who Have Sex with Men and/or Preoperative Transgender Women. Report for the City of Los Angeles. AIDS Coordinator. Los Angeles.
Shoptaw S, Reback CJ (2006). Associations between Methamphetamine Use and HIV Infection in Men who have Sex with Men: A Model for Guiding Public Policy. Journal of Urban Health. 83(6), 1151-1157.
Larkins S, Reback CJ, Shoptaw S, Veniegas RC (2005). Methamphetamine-dependent gay men's disclosure of their HIV status to sexual partners. AIDS Care. 17, 521-532.
Peck JA, Reback CJ, Yang X, Rotheram-Fuller E, Shoptaw S (2005). Sustained reductions in drug use and depression symptoms from treatment for drug abuse in methamphetamine-dependent gay and bisexual men. Journal of Urban Health. 82: 100-108.
Peck JA, Shoptaw S , Rotheram-Fuller E, Reback CJ, and Bierman B (2005). HIV-associated medical, behavioral, and psychiatric characteristics of treatment-seeking methamphetamine-dependent men who have sex with men. Journal of Addictive Diseases. 24, 115-132.
Reback CJ, Lombardi E, Simon PA and Frye DM (2005). HIV seroprevalence and risk behaviors among transgendered women who exchange sex in comparison with those who do not. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality. 17, 5-22.
Shoptaw S , Reback CJ, Peck JA, Yang X, Rotheram-Fuller E, Larkins S , Veniegas RC, Freese TE and Hucks-Ortiz C (2005). Behavioral treatment approaches for methamphetamine dependence and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among urban gay and bisexual men. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 78, 125-134.
Reback CJ, Larkins S, Shoptaw S (2004). Changes in the meaning of sexual risk behaviors among gay and bisexual male methamphetamine abusers before and after drug treatment. AIDS and Behavior. 8, 87-98.
Reback CJand Simon PA (2004). The Los Angeles Transgender Health Study: Creating a research and community collaboration. In B Bowser, S Mishra, CJ Reback & G Lemp (Eds.), Preventing AIDS: Community-Science Collaborations. (pp. 115-131) New York: The Haworth Press.
Reback CJ, Larkins S, Shoptaw S (2003). Methamphetamine abuse as a barrier to HIV medication adherence among gay and bisexual men. AIDS Care. 15, 775-785.
Shoptaw S , Peck JA, Reback CJ, Rotheram-Fuller E (2003). Psychiatric and substance dependence comorbidities, sexually transmitted diseases, and risk behaviors among methamphetamine-dependent gay and bisexual men seeking outpatient drug abuse treatment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. Supplement 1, 161-168.
Freese TE, Miotto K, Reback CJ (2002). The effects and consequences of selected club drugs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 23, 151-156.
Reback CJ, Cohen AJ, Freese TE, Shoptaw S (2002). Making collaboration work: Key components of practice/research partnerships. Journal of Drug Issues. 32(3), 837-848.
Shoptaw S, Reback CJ, and Freese TE (2002). Patient characteristics, HIV serostatus, and risk behaviors among gay and bisexual males seeking treatment for methamphetamine abuse and dependence in Los Angeles. Journal of Addictive Diseases. 21(1), 91-105.
Twitchell GR, Huber A, Reback CJ, Shoptaw S (2002). Comparison of general and detailed HIV risk assessments among methamphetamine abusers. AIDS and Behavior. 6(2), 153-162.
Reback CJ, Simon PA, Bemis CC and Gatson B (2001). The Los Angeles Transgender Health Study: Community Report. Report funded by the Universitywide AIDS and BehaviorResearch Program. Los Angeles.
Reback CJand Lombardi EL (2001). HIV risk behaviors of male-to-female transgenders in a community-based harm reduction program. In W Bocking & S Kirk (Eds.), Transgender and HIV: Risks, Prevention, and Care. (pp. 59-68), New York: The Haworth Press.
Simon PA, Reback CJ, and Bemis CC (2000). HIV prevalence and incidence among male-to-female transgenders receiving HIV prevention services in Los Angeles County. AIDS. 18, 2953-2955.
Reback CJ, Grella CE (1999). HIV risk behaviors of gay and bisexual male methamphetamine users contacted through street outreach. Journal of Drug Issues. 29, 155-166.
Reback CJand Lombardi EL (1999). HIV risk behaviors of male-to-female transgender participants in a community-based harm reduction program. International Journal of Transgenderism.
Shoptaw S , Reback CJ, Frosch DL and Rawson RA (1998). Stimulant abuse treatment as HIV prevention. Journal of Addictive Diseases. 17(4), 19-32.
Reback CJ (1997). The Social Construction of a Gay Drug: Methamphetamine Use Among Gay & Bisexual Males in Los Angeles. Report for the City of Los Angeles. AIDS Coordinator. Los Angeles.
Reback CJ (1995). Constructing the outreach moment: Street interventions to women at risk. In B Schneider & N Stoller (Eds.), Women Resisting AIDS: Feminist Strategies of Empowerment (pp. 170-191). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.